Yes for more freedom


We need another Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela is one of the most respected men of the state and has led the struggle to change apartheid in South Africa with a democratic, multi-ethnic democracy.
He spent 27 years in jail, then emerged as the first black president of the country, played a key role in bringing peace to other conflict areas and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.
His fascination, stamina and humor, as well as his unwillingness to avenge his suffering, and his astonishing sequence of life, partly explain his unabashed acceptance of the world.
Since the end of his term in 1999, Mandela has become a top-ranking ambassador to South Africa, leading campaigns on AIDS and helping his country host the 2010 FIFA World Cup.
Although diagnosed with prostate cancer in 2001, he was involved in peace negotiations in the DRC, Burundi, and other African countries and the world.
In 2004, at the age of 85, Mandela retired from public life, spending his life with his family and friends and enjoying peace.
"Do not call me, I will."
After the official retirement of Mandela, he appeared to public life a few times. In November 2010, his office issued pictures of his meeting with players in the US and South African football teams.
At the end of January 2011 he was taken to Johannesburg Hospital for special tests, which reminded the South African Republic of his previous respiratory distress.
He was then transferred to hospital again in February 2012, and described this presidential office as "an ongoing complaint in the abdomen."
Great treason
Nelson Mandela was born in 1918 in the Thiombo tribe of Xosa, in a small village east of Cape Town, called Rolihlala dalibhonga in South Africa. The people of South Africa were used to his name by his tribe, Madiba, Teacher at school.
His father, who was an adviser to the royal Thyumbo family, died when Nelson was nine, and was later taken care of by the head of the Thiumbu clan, Jungantaba Dalindibo.
He became a member of the African Congress in 1944 as an activist at first, then as founder, then president of the African National Congress of Youth, and finally, after years of imprisonment, he continued as president.
He married his first wife, Evelyn Massi, in 1944 but was divorced in 1958 after having four children. Before his divorce in 1952, he was licensed to practice law and opened his first office in Johannesburg with his partner Oliver Tambo.
Tambo was not only his lawyer partner, they also co-founded a campaign against racial discrimination, a system invented by the National Party of the White, which persecuted the black majority.
In 1956 he was charged with treason and 155 other activists, but the charges were dropped after four years of trial.
The resistance against the racial division grew, especially against the new identity laws, which defined the black places where they were allowed to reside and work.
Under the anti-racial campaign, Mandela married his second wife, Winnie Madikizela, in 1958, who later led the campaign to release him from prison.
Mandela began clandestine work at the African Youth Congress after it was banned in 1960. Then tensions grew in the country as the campaign against racial discrimination grew and escalated after sporadic incidents between 1960 and 1969 after police killed a number of blacks in the so-called Sharpeville Massacre.
Life imprisonment
The incident marked the end of the peaceful resistance. Mandela, who served as deputy to the African Conference, established a campaign of economic sabotage and was subsequently arrested and charged with attempting to overthrow the regime through sabotage and incitement to violence.
From the courtroom at the Court of Rivonia, Mandela stood on the podium explaining his beliefs about democracy, freedom and equality.
"I am proud of the ideal concept of democracy and freedom of society, where all people live in harmony and equal rights, it is the ideal that I dream of living for and implementing, but if I need to, I am ready to die for it too," Mandela said.
He was sentenced to life imprisonment in the winter of 1964.
In 12 months between 1968 and 1969 his mother died, his eldest son was killed in a collision, he was not allowed to attend the funeral, and remained in the Robben Island prison for 18 years before moving to Bolsmore prison in his country in 1982.
During Mandela's stay and the rest of the leaders of the African Conference in prison or exile, black youth in South Africa continued to campaign against racial discrimination against white minority rule.
During this uprising, in which schoolchildren participated, hundreds were killed and thousands injured, but in 1980 Tambo founded and was in exile, campaigning for the release of Mandela, and the international community decided to impose sanctions on South Africa in 1967 on the apartheid regime.
In 1990, President FW de Klerke lifted the ban on the African Conference, released Mandela and began talks on a new system based on a multi-ethnic democracy in South Africa.
Slums
Mandela separated from his wife Winnie after a marital infidelity in 1992 and was convicted of kidnapping and assault. One year later, in 1993, Mandela and Clark received the Nobel Peace Prize.
Five months later, for the first time in the history of South Africa, all races voted for Mandela's election. Mandela's main problem was providing housing for the poor, slum upgrading and fighting corruption in most cities.
He continued with his Prime Minister Thabo Mbeki to prove his steps as a leader and build a new international image for South Africa, and was able to persuade multinationals to stay and invest in South Africa.
On his 80th birthday, Mandela married Graša Machel, the widow of the President of Mozambique, continued his international travels, attended conferences and won awards after his term.
On his 89th birthday, he joined the Group of Wise Men, a group of world leaders, to take advantage of their expertise and wisdom to deal with the world's problems.
His involvement in philanthropy began in the years following 2005 after the death of his surviving son McGatho. While talking about AIDS was taboo in the country, Mandela announced the death of his son with AIDS.
This has made South Africa treat HIV / AIDS as one of the common diseases.
South Africa became the first South African to be put on banknotes in 2012 in November.




Poetry by poet*salem
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Written on 2017-11-11 at 13:42

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